Sunday, 29 March 2020

Medical Educator Roles of the Future

above from

Medical Educator Roles of the Future 
Poh-Sun Goh

This session will explore how near future technology can impact how we educate healthcare professionals and the way they provide care.
The idea is to examine how “new” methods and platforms for displaying information, engaging an audience, extending and expanding the cognitive presence of “the instructor”, and increasingly "guide" will transform the learning experience, and training outcomes, of our educational efforts; and also explore how these same technologies, which will include Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning, Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), online and re-imagined out-of-the-simulation-center skill training experiences (inspired and modelled after gaming platforms), can augment, enhance, and transform how we educate and train healthcare professionals, along the whole continuum of learning, from undergraduate learning, through postgraduate training, to lifelong learning and continuing professional development settings.

Poh-Sun Goh
Associate Professor and Senior Consultant, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National University of Singapore and National University Hospital and Associate Member, Centre for Medical Education, NUS

Poh-Sun (MBBS(Melb) 1987, FRCR 1993, FAMS 1998, MHPE(Maastricht) 2012 and FAMEE 2017) practices on the clinician educator tract (80/20 time allocation clinical/education) augmenting his education and training time allocation with technology, and regular cumulative early morning focused scholarly efforts, spent developing and evaluating the use of open access online digital repositories in clinical training, and medical education faculty development, under a mastery training and deliberate practice framework. He focuses his efforts on the challenge of transfer to practice, in the widest possible settings, through use of reusable comprehensive digital content, iterative low cost proof of concept implementation combined with collaborations and partnerships to scale, all anchored on a solid foundation of theory and evidence.

MHPE (2009-2012). Faculty development program at MEU and CenMED, NUS (since 2010); presentations, workshops and symposia at APMEC (since 2011) and AMEE (since 2012); workshop at Faculty Development Conference in Helsinki, Finland (2017); as invited faculty for SIF program and SEARAME conference in Colombo, Sri Lanka (2014); medical education conferences in Kaohsiung, Taiwan (2015); closing Pecha Kucha session at AMEE2016, BarcelonaSpain (2016); Jakarta, Indonesia (2016, and 2019); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2018); Tokyo, Japan (2018); Basel, Switzerland (2018); Taipei, Taiwan (2018); visiting professor in Almaty, Kazakhstan (2015); plenary speaker, IAMSE 2020, Denver, USA, and Hong Kong (2020). FAMEE (2017).

Goh P.S and Sandars J. (2020) 'A vision of the use of technology in medical education after the COVID-19 pandemic', MedEdPublish, 9, [1], 49,

Goh, P.S. Technology enhanced learning in Medical Education: What’s new, what’s useful, and some important considerations. MedEdPublish. 2016 Oct; 5(3), Paper No:16. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Moran, J., Briscoe, G. & Peglow, S. Current Technology in Advancing Medical Education: Perspectives for Learning and Providing Care. Acad Psychiatry 42, 796–799 (2018).

Chan, K. S., & Zary, N. (2019). Applications and Challenges of Implementing Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Integrative Review. JMIR medical education, 5(1), e13930.

Zweifach S, M, Triola M, M: Extended Reality in Medical Education: Driving Adoption through Provider-Centered Design. Digit Biomark 2019;3:14-21. doi: 10.1159/000498923

Wartman, Steven & Combs, C.. (2019). Reimagining Medical Education in the Age of AI. AMA journal of ethics. 21. E146-152. 10.1001/amajethics.2019.146. 

What is known from the literature about the pedagogy of VR and AR from Poh-Sun Goh

Literature informed pedagogy of VR and AR from Poh-Sun Goh

Walsh K, Elhassan Abdalla M, Berlingieri P, Foo J, , et al. 2020, 'High value and low-cost virtual reality healthcare professional education: proceedings of a roundtable workshop', MedEdPublish, 9, [1], 57,

Technology Enhanced Learning CenMED Workshop

Digital Scholarship and Engagement - Indicators, Metrics, Value and Impact
Poh-Sun Goh 

eLearning or TEL(Technology Enhanced Learning) is increasingly being integrated into medical education and training, from undergraduate, through postgraduate to continuing education and lifelong learning settings, with increasing emphasis on blended and mobile learning, in the workplace and just-in-time settings. TEL with utilisation of digital content and engagement provides visibility of our teaching and training efforts as educators, showing ‘what we teach with, and assess on’ (Goh, 2016). TEL approaches can also be used to provide visibility and metrics of student engagement, as well as demonstrate intermediate and final outcomes of student learning (Goh & Sandars, 2016; Goh, 2017). TEL is increasing transforming medical education, going beyond substitution, augmentation and modification of learning - the ‘SAMR model’ (Puentedura, 2013). Reflective educators, and educational scholars have always sought to evaluate and assess the value and impact of their teaching and training efforts, and Digital Scholarship, with attention paid to data, indicators and metrics of engagement and output, can facilitate these efforts. Use of 'free', low cost, off the shelf, easy to use and accessible digital tools and platforms, combined with curated and created digital content repositories, by faculty who are 'digitally literate' and professional, facilitates adoption and scaling up of our scholarly efforts (Goh, 2018). This has direct benefits for faculty members during the academic appointment, appraisal and promotion process; for an academic community by making scholarly activities easily accessible, and for an institution by making academic and scholarly activities by faculty members both easily accessible and visible.

More on expanded blogpost link below



Goh, P.S. eLearning in Medical Education - Costs and Value Add. The Asia Pacific Scholar (TAPS). Published online: 2 May, TAPS 2018, 3(2), 58-60. DOI:

Goh, P.S. Learning Analytics in Medical Education. MedEdPublish. 2017 Apr; 6(2), Paper No:5. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Goh, P.S. eLearning or Technology enhanced learning in medical education - Hope, not Hype. Med Teach. 2016 Sep; 38(9): 957-958, Epub 2016 Mar 16

Goh, P.S., Sandars, J. An innovative approach to digitally flip the classroom by using an online "graffiti wall" with a blog. Med Teach. 2016 Aug;38(8):858. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Goh, P.S. Using a blog as an integrated eLearning tool and platform. Med Teach. 2016 Jun;38(6):628-9. Epub 2015 Nov 11.

Puentedura, R. R. (2013, May 29). SAMR: Moving from enhancement to transformation [Web log post].

Technology enhances and transforms Learning in MedEd from Poh-Sun Goh

TeL in MedEd (hyperlinked coloured tiles) from Poh-Sun Goh

Transferring Theory to Practice in Medical Education Faculty Development - using and adding to Miller's Pyramid from Poh-Sun Goh

Technology enhanced learning in medical education - a snapshot of current local and international practice and peek into the future

TEL in Health Professions Education Symposium 
(16 April 2020)

"All teaching, regardless of how it is delivered is basically: present content, provide practice and feedback, assess learning. Sure, there is more, but focus on that."
above quote from

What Makes a Successful Online Learner?

TP - Special - online teaching resources in this time of the Coronavirus (Tomorrow's Professor blog posting 1784)

Yoda Was Wrong: It’s all About Try (Tomorrow's Professor blog post 1755)

Egarter, S., Mutschler, A., Tekian, A. et al. Medical assessment in the age of digitalisation. BMC Med Educ 20, 101 (2020).

Technology Enhanced Learning in Medical Education - A snapshot of current local and international practice and peek into the future from Poh-Sun Goh

Goh, P.S., Sandars, J. (2019). Using Technology to Nurture Core Human Values in Healthcare. MededPublish, 8, [3], 74,

Goh, P.S. eLearning in Medical Education - Costs and Value Add. The Asia Pacific Scholar (TAPS). Published online: 2 May, TAPS 2018, 3(2), 58-60. DOI:

Goh, P.S. A series of reflections on eLearning, traditional and blended learning. MedEdPublish. 2016 Oct; 5(3), Paper No:19. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Dong C, Goh PS. Twelve tips for the effective use of videos in medical education. Med Teach. 2015 Feb; 37(2):140-5.

Martin, Florence & Ritzhaupt, Albert & Kumar, Swapna & Budhrani, Kiran. (2019). Award-winning faculty online teaching practices: Course design, assessment and evaluation, and facilitation. The Internet and Higher Education. 42. 10.1016/j.iheduc.2019.04.001.

MARTIN, Florence et al. Award-Winning Faculty Online Teaching Practices: Roles and Competencies. Online Learning, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 1, mar. 2019. ISSN 2472-5730. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 mar. 2020. doi:

Technology enhanced learning in medical education - a snapshot of current local and international practice and peek into the future
Poh-Sun Goh

The aim of this presentation is to give a snapshot of current local and international practices in technology enhanced learning (TEL), and then take a peek into the future. An overview of current use of TEL in undergraduate medical education at NUS, underpinning educational programs at NUS including case studies, and examples of use of TEL in postgraduate training and continuous education and training (CET) at NUHS will be made, as well as use of TEL internationally in medical education, and faculty development at CenMED NUS (including online faculty development programs and publications like The Asia Pacific Scholar or TAPS), APMEC and AMEE, with Webinars and Online Courses, not to mention online platforms like MedEdWorld, AMEE guides and publications like MedEdPublish and Medical Teacher, which have gained greater significance with the current COVID-19 pandemic. Early use of newer examples of TEL will be reviewed, including Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR and AR), as well as use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Serious Games. The presentation will conclude with a discussion of factors encouraging adoption of TEL, and challenges to widespread implementation of current and newer methods of TEL.

Goh PS, Sandars J. (2019). Digital Scholarship – rethinking educational scholarship in the digital world, MedEdPublish, 8, [2], 15,

Goh P.S and Sandars J. (2020) 'A vision of the use of technology in medical education after the COVID-19 pandemic', MedEdPublish, 9, [1], 49,

Learning and Training for Transfer from Poh-Sun Goh